Food and Nutrition
Benefits of straight cutting canola
Growers and industry experts have discussed the benefits of straight cutting versus swathing in Western Canada for a number of years. Swathing has traditionally been the harvesting choice for the majority of canola growers. However, as growers become increasingly aware of the benefits of straight cutting, the industry has seen the practice of straight cutting grow in popularity.
Lentil acres on the rise in Western Canada
In recent years, Canada has seen lentil production in the West increase significantly. The world’s consumption of lentils is at an all-time high and demand for the crop is increasing. Statistics Canada is reporting an increase in acres by eight percent in 2015, while other experts in the industry expect the increase in acres could be as high as 16 percent, totalling approximately 3.7 million acres in 2015. This would be the largest recorded number of lentil acres to date in Canada.
Fusarium head blight pressure hurts bottom line
Economic loss from reduced grade and yield in cereal crops can be directly related to fusarium head blight pressure. Fusarium head blight is a fungal disease of small grains, such as wheat, barley, oats and corn that hinders kernel development. It spreads and infects crops very easily due to the dispersed ascospores that are spread both by rain splash and wind.
More herbicide options available for Western Canadian corn growers
Corn is not a crop that is traditionally produced in many parts of Western Canada. But in recent years we’ve seen corn production in Alberta expand to thousands of seeded acres in 2014. Manitoba has grown to become one of the top corn producing areas in Canada and the crop has also secured its place as part of a regular part of rotation in many areas of Saskatchewan.
Two-pass system offers protection for cereals
A two-pass system can improve the yield and quality of your cereal crop to help get the best grade possible and highest return on your investment.
The first pass boosts yield
Research shows that 50 to 65 percent of yield is created at the flag and penultimate leaf stage. Protecting the plant at this stage is so important because leaf diseases such as tan spot and septoria leaf spot block out part of the green leaves, they reduce the plant’s capacity for photosynthesis and result in less head fill in wheat.
Protect your canola from sclerotinia
A wet spring with moderate temperatures could create the conditions necessary for sclerotinia on your farm. If you don’t spray for sclerotinia or you don’t spray at the right time, your canola field could lose greater than half of its yield. If you wait until the first signs of the disease appear, it will be too late.
“The key to optimum sclerotinia control is timing,” said Glen Forster, Technical Marketing Specialist with BASF Canada.
Get crops off to the best start with a pre-seed burndown
Canadian growers know that one of the toughest things to deal with in agriculture is one of the things they have absolutely no control over - the weather. A long winter followed by cool spring temperatures is one of the season’s first challenges and often the biggest since it can delay seeding by several weeks.
Even with seeding delays, one thing you don’t want to skip in the spring is a burndown. Starting the season with clean fields will help crops get off to the best start and will help keep fields clean until a properly timed in-crop herbicide application.
Bees, moths and butterflies oh my! Create a pollinator oasis right at home
Did you know that about one-third of the world’s food crop production relies on pollination? Perhaps due to this connection, the plight of pollinators (bees in particular) has recently become highly publicized worldwide. Todd Farrell, conservation biologist with the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) says that while bees have been the poster child in the media, other pollinators such as butterflies and moths that are facing similar challenges should not be left out.
The future of lentils is bright
Canada has seen tremendous growth in lentil production as lentil consumption has soared over the last few years. According to Bert Vandenberg, University of Saskatchewan Plant Sciences Department, Crop Development Centre, world lentil consumption has gone up four to five times relative to the human population. Lentil production in Saskatchewan alone has gone from 25,000 acres in 1983 to more than three million acres today. With growth like this, it is no wonder the future looks so promising.
Optill is a good option for vertical tillage
Canada fleabane is a major concern for growers, especially in soybeans since post emergent control options are limited. According to Peter Sikkema, a professor of field crop weed management at the University of Guelph’s Ridgetown campus, the presence of glyphosate-resistant weeds is increasing every year. Since Canada fleabane has wind-dispersed seeds which can produce upwards of 200,000 seeds per plant, it is no wonder resistant biotypes are have spread so quickly across Ontario.